Hey! Are you ready for the HSK exam on December 6th? It has only 4 days left….
I bet you are very excited to show how well you have done in leaning Chinese. To get a good level score, you have to be confident in your vocabulary, listening, understanding, etc. The point is not only to read or recognize those words, but also to compare them and use them, especially synonyms.
So here, we are going to figure out some confusing words, such as “了解and理解”, “会 and 能”。
了解 [liǎo jiě] & 理解[lǐ jiě]
>>>> 了解 的意思是知道得很清楚，对象可以是一个人，或者是某个事物。
了解 [liǎo jiě] means you know something or somebody really well.
(Wǒ hé tā zuótiān cái rènshi, xiànzài hái bù liǎojiě tā.)
I just met her yesterday so I don’t know her much.
(Nǐ gāng dào zhōngguó, duì zhōngguó wénhuà huán bù tài liǎojiě.)
You don’t know Chinese culture very well because you just came to China for few days.
(Tā bù liǎojiě nǚ’ér dì xìnggé.)
He doesn’t really know his daughter’s character.
>>>> 理解 的意思是通过思考明白其中的道理，对象通常是某个问题、抽象的想法和观念。
理解 [lǐ jiě] means to understand the truth by thinking. The object is usually a problem or an abstract ideas and concepts.
(Lǎoshī yǐjīng jiěshìle bàntiān, tā háishì bùnéng lǐjiě zhège wèntí.)
He still can’t understand the question after the teacher has explained many times.
(Nǐ wèishéme huì yǒu rúcǐ de xiǎngfǎ? Wǒ wánquán bùnéng lǐjiě.)
I don’t get it. Why have you thought like this.
会 [huì] & 能 [néng]
>>>> 会 表示掌握了某种能力或者技能，而且是通过学习得到的。
会 [huì] means somebody obtain a certain skills or ability by leaning.
(Wǒ huì zuò fàn.)
I can cook.
(Nǐ huì kāichē ma?)
Can you drive?
>>>> 能 表示能力，而且是受到了外部条件的约束，也就是不可以。
能 [néng] is kind of ability but the ability is influenced by the circumstances, such as the weather, or personal conditions.
(Wǒ huì kāichē, dànshì wǒ hēle hěnduō jiǔ, jīntiān bùnéng kāichē.)
I’m able to drive, but I drunk a lot. So I’m not allowed to drive today.
(Wǒ huì tī zúqiú, dànshì wǒde tuǐ shòushāngle, jīntiān bùnéng qù tī qiúle.)
Normally I play football, but today I can’t because my legs hurt today.
That’s all for today. See you next time.