Learn Buzzwords, Learn to Be Native in China!(1)

     Learn Buzzwords, Learn to Be Native in                                                 China!(1)interesting

Recently, more and more buzzwords are emerging online. After being used by a large number of  netizens, some of them became famous. They are not only used in daily life but even used in the political  speeches.

President Xi in a speech at the end of last year said:

“Wǒmende gè jí gànbù yěshì mán pīn de.”

  “我们的   各级  干部  也是  蛮  拼  的。”

(Our every officials work extremely hard.)

mán pīn de

蛮  拼 

means work extremely hardpretty strenuous. It can also translated as go for it(have a risk)。

President Xi also said:

“Wǒ yào wèi wǒmen wěidà de rénmín diǎn zàn“.

 “我    我们   伟大    人民    ”。

(I would like to give the thumbs-up to our great people.)

 

diǎn zàn

 

点赞

means give the thumbs-up in English, to indicate something is praiseworthy or commendable。Have you noticed ? Following the trends, WeChat updated a function called “like”, which is meant to let people give their thumbs up to the posted content. For example, you may get a message like this: Please click the “like” button for me. If I get 50 likes, I’ll get a free gift!

Then if you do it, you become his or her friend that merely clicking a button for each other.

Rènxìng

 

Capricious

r任性的苹果

You don’t listen to others opinion and you never think about others feeling. You can do whatever you want to do.  It seem that 任性 is a bad word for personality. But now, it became a neutral even good word. Let’s look at the example:

At the Two Sessions of 2015, Mr.Lv answering the journalist’s questions said: “I should say, the Party, the government, and the general public actually adopt the same attitude when it comes to anti-corruption. So we can be said to be CAPRICIOUS in fighting against corruption, and we are entitled to do so.”

Capricious is exactly “任性“ in Chinese, but obviously, capricious here should be a good word which means determined, willful, and wayward.

 

nǚ hàn zi

女 汉 子

tomboya tough girl, a man-like woman

女汉子1

Refers to the women or girls whose behaviors are similar to men. The women or girls who are called “女汉子” should be independent, bold, straightforward, which are known as men’s characteristics. “女汉子“ also means girls who are brave and can survive in the heavy pressure.

 

Bú zuō sǐ jiù bú huì sǐ

不 做 死 就 不 会 死

No zuo no die 

“No zuo no die” is a Chinglish phrase, in which “zuo” is the pinyin spelling of the Chinese word meaning do crazy things to attract attention, and the other parts are English, as the funny translation from one of the netizens. The whole phrase means if you don’t do stupid things, they won’t come back and bite you in the ass. (But if you do, they most certainly will.) And we are surprised that this phrase has been included in the Urban Dictionary, a popular online slang dictionary in the United States, and the news created a buzz among web users.
but the professional translation for this phrase is

You will not die if you do not seek death, or You will not be in trouble if you do not look for trouble

-capricious-cat

 

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Video Tutor – HSK level 3 – word – “forget”

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Pinyin: wàngjì

Chinese: 忘记

English: forget

Example sentence:

Wǒ wàngjì mǎi miànbāo le.

我忘记买面包了。

I forgot to buy bread.

 

Wǒ lǎo wàngjì dài qiánbāo chūqù.

我老忘记带钱包出去。

I always forget my wallet when I go out.

More Details about word “forget”:

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/Chinese_English_Dictionary?word=forget

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Video Tutor – HSK level 4 – word – “table tennis; ping-pong”

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Pinyin: pīngpāngqiú

Chinese: 乒乓球

English: table tennis; ping-pong

 

Example sentence:

Xuéxiào yào jǔbàn pīngpāngqiú bǐsài le.

学校要举办乒乓球比赛了。

The school will hold a table tennis match.

 

Wǒmen jīngcháng qù dǎ pīngpāngqiú.

我们经常去打乒乓球。

We often play ping-pong.

More Details about word “table tennis; ping-pong”:

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/Chinese_English_Dictionary?word=table+tennis

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Video Tutor – HSK level 4 – word – “communication”

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Pinyin: jiāoliú

Chinese: 交流

English: communication

Example sentence:

Shǒujī ràng rénmen de jiāoliú gèng fāngbiàn le.

手机让人们的交流更方便了。

Mobile phones make people’s communication more convenient.

 

Yǔyán jiù shì jiāoliú de gōngjù.

语言就是交流的工具。

Language is an instrument for communication.

More Details about word “communication”:

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/Chinese_English_Dictionary?word=communication

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Powerful “Suffix-r” in Chinese

 

         Powerful “Suffix-r” in Chinese

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Suffixation of 儿(r) to nouns and sometimes verbs or adjectives, causing changing pronunciations of the preceding vowels, is a typical situation of pronunciation in Putonghua, or standard Chinese and some dialects.

In Mandarin, “Suffix-r” has the distinction functions for meanings and properties of a certain words. When it occurs changings in the context between the “Suffix-r” and normal words, you have to be careful about the different meanings and properties of certain words. Otherwise it will cause ambiguity. Such as:

dǐng (顶) is a verb, which means carry something on the head or push from below or behind . But when it’s changed to be Dǐngr(顶儿), the property is changed to be a noun, and its meaning is also changed to be the thing that bear the weight.

 yì diǎn(一点) means one o’clock when it is a normal word. But it turns to be a measure word and means “little, few” when it is has suffix-r, yì diǎnr(一点儿).

 

     头    tóu    means people’s head

 →头儿  tóur   means the head of a gang or the person in charge

      眼     yǎn   means eyes

  →眼儿   yǎnr   means a small hole

  Another one kind of suffix-r after words are expressing the emotional coloring such as love, favor, joy and so on.

花儿 Huār (flower) indicates love to flowers.

小孩儿  Xiǎo hair (little kids) indicates love to kids.

好玩儿 Hǎowánr (funny) indicating prefer having fun.

老头儿  lǎotóur   (old man) indicates having a good relations with the old man.

小曲儿xiǎoqǔr (ditty)  indicates having fondness of the ditty.

When we are expressing small, less, or light things, we also use suffix-r. Such as:

米粒儿  Mǐ lìr  indicates few rice that we can count

门缝儿  Mén fèngr means a narrow crack between a door and its frame

雨点儿  yǔ diǎnr   indicates few raindrop

一会儿  yí huìr   indicate a short time,  a little while

小事儿  xiǎo shìr  means little things

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In the actual reading, end with suffix-r is pronounced with the preceding vowel. It is not a single part, which means is can’t be separated alone and read clearly.

Such as

哪 →哪儿 nǎr  [nǎ]─→[nǎr]  where  

那 →那儿 nàr  [nà]─→[nàr]  there

But in the broadcast language, especially in politics, science, academic programs, which require a higher degree of accuracy in language, we should minimize the using of suffix-r; and in written language or formal environment we also reduce the using of suffix-r.

Besides, you have to notice that there are a lot of words end with 儿 naturally. So don’t confound them with suffix-r.

Such as

女儿 nǚ ér is naturally ended with 儿 and means daughter.

婴儿 yīng ér is also ended with 儿 naturally. It means infant.

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Video Tutor – HSK level 4 – word – “chocolate”

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Pinyin: qiǎokèlì

Chinese: 巧克力

English: chocolate

 

Example sentence:

Háizi chī le yì hé qiǎokèlì.

孩子吃了一盒巧克力。

The kid has eaten the whole box of chocolate.

 

Zhège qiǎokèlì yǒudiǎnr kǔ.

这个巧克力有点儿苦。

This chocolate is slightly bitter.

More Details about word “chocolate”:

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/Chinese_English_Dictionary?word=chocolate

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Video Tutor – HSK level 4 – word – “mirror”

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Pinyin: Jìngzi

Chinese: 镜子

English: mirror

 

Example sentence:

Wǒ bù xiǎoxīn bǎ jìngzi dǎ suì le.

我不小心把镜子打碎了。

I broke the mirror by accident.

 

Chūmén qián, tā dōu huì rènzhēn de zhào yíxià jìngzi.

出门前,她都会认真地照一下镜子。

She looks herself in the mirror every time before goes out.

More Details about word “mirror”:

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/Chinese_English_Dictionary?word=mirror

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Let Me Teach You the Words in the Park

 

    Let Me Teach You the Words in the Park

park

Today, we are going to have fun in the park and to learn some words and sentences about park.

In my memory, the happiest thing in childhood was going to the park with my parents on weekend. There were so many games in the park. We could play swing, see-saw, slide and so on. So, have you ever thought about how to express those park facilities?

I like swing most. When I was sitting on the swing, I felt like I was flying. And I would never fall down because I know my dad was behind me to protect me. But, how to say “the swing” in Chinese? Let me teach you.

    qiuqian

     Pinyin: qiū qiān

     Chinese:  秋 千

     Sentence:Wǒ zài dàng qiūqiān.

                             我    在     荡     秋千。(I am playing the swing.)

I like the see-saw as well. Because my dad would play it with me. How to say see-saw in Chinese? Here are the words and sentences in Chinese.

     Pinyin: qiāo qiāo bǎn

     Chinese: 跷     跷    板

     Sentence:Bàba péi wǒ wán qiāoqiāobǎn.

                            爸爸     陪 我    玩       跷跷板。(My dad plays see-saw with me.)

跷跷板

Do you like the slide? I like it very much. My mom was always waiting for me at the foot of the slide. But how to say the slide in Chinese? Let’s learn it!

       Pinyin:  huá tī

       Chinese:滑   梯

       Sentence:Wǒ xǐhuān wán huátī.

                             我     喜欢      玩     滑梯。(I like playing the see-saw.)

We were always building castles together in the sandpit. The sandpit recorded the happy time of our family. How to say sandpit in Chinese?

       Pinyin: shā kēng

      Chinese:  沙   坑

       Sentence:Wǒmen jīngcháng zài shākēng lǐ duī chéngbǎo.

                                我们        经常          在      沙坑     里  堆      城堡。(We often built castles                                                      together in the sandpit.)

We would bring many snacks to the park. My favorite snacks are the sandwiches and the salad which my mom made. How to say   sandwich and salad in Chinese?Follow me to learn it!

        Pinyin: sān míng zhì ,  shā lā

        Chinese:  三   明     治   ,      沙  拉

        Sentence:Wǒ xǐhuān wǒ māmā zuò de sānmíngzhì hé shālā.

                               我   喜欢     我    妈妈      做  的      三明治        和   沙拉。(I like the sandwiches and                                   salad which my mom made.)

We would share our sandwiches to squirrels. What cute squirrels they were! How to say squirrel in Chinese? Learn the differences between Chinese and English.

         Pinyin: Sōng shǔ

        Chinese: 松   鼠

         Sentence:Duō kě’ài de sōngshǔ a!

                                多    可爱  的    松鼠     啊!(What cute squirrels they were!)

Keep it in your mind that Chinese words don’t have differences between singular and plural. So we can say squirrels in English but there is no “松鼠s” in Chinese!

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