Happy New Year’s Day–元旦快乐

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元旦,即每年的一月一日。它代表着新的一年的开始。

New Year’s Day, which is on January 1, marks the beginning of a new year.

在12月31日晚上,家人通常会一起吃饭或者参加朋友聚会。然后他们会倒数时间来迎接新年的到来。当新年的午夜钟声响起,伴随着灿烂的烟火和欢快的音乐,新的一年开始了。在许多国家,元旦是法定节假日,人们休假一天。人们通常会去拜访亲戚朋友、看电影、外出旅游、购物等等。

Family usually get together for dinner or have a party with friends on the evening of Dec. 31. Then, they will count down the hours, minutes, and seconds to welcome the New Year. When the New Year’s midnight bell rings, with brilliant fireworks and cheerful music, the new year begins. New Year’s Day, it’s a public holiday in many countries, so people have a day off work. Usually, people will visit friends or relatives, watch movies, make a trip or go shopping and so on.

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元旦是新年的第一天,人们经常会为自己制定新年计划——在接下来的一年时间里他们想完成的目标和承诺。大部分新年计划都是与学习、生活、爱情、工作有关的。例如:

New Year’s Day is the first day of the coming year, so people often make New Year’s Resolutions for themselves. These resolutions are goals and promises they want to accomplish during the coming year. And most of New Year’s resolutions are connected with study, life, love and work.

For example:

(Wǒ xiǎng zìjǐ yí ge rén qù lǚyóu.)

I want to travel alone.

(Tāmen xiǎng yào yǒu ge hěn lóngzhòng de hūnlǐ.)

They want a very grand wedding.

(Tāmen zǎn qián xiǎng mǎi zhuàng xīn fángzi. )

They’re saving money for a new house.

(Tā gěi zìjǐ zhìdìng jiànshēn jìhuà.)

He made himself an exercise plan.

(Wǒ xiǎng mǎi ge shùmǎ shèxiàngjī.)

I want to buy a digital video camera.

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How do Chinese people celebrate Christmas?

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中国人过圣诞节吗?当然有。但是,圣诞节不是中国的法定节假日,所以只有一部分的人会庆祝圣诞节,特别是年轻人。所以,你肯定想知道他们是怎么过圣诞节的呢?

Do Chinese people celebrate Christmas? The answer is Yes. However, because Christmas is not a public holiday in mainland China, only a small portion of people celebrate it, especially young people. So, you might be wondering how Chinese people celebrate Christmas in China?

在中国,在圣诞节前夕朋友之间会互相赠送包装精美的苹果。这是中国圣诞节一项“特别”的传统。因为圣诞节前夕在中国叫做平安夜píng’ān yè (literally a peaceful and silent night)。那为什么要送苹果呢?苹果的苹和平安的平汉语读音相似。显然,互赠苹果的寓意就是平安幸福。

In china, friends will exchange apples which are wrapped up in beautiful colored paper on Christmas Eve. This is one Christmas tradition that’s distinctly Chinese. Because in Chinese Christmas Eve is called 平安夜 píng’ān yè (literally a peaceful and silent night). But why do they give apples? The Chinese word 苹 in 苹果(apple)has the same pronunciation as the Chinese word 平 in 平安(safeness). Obviously, that means peace and happiness.

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在圣诞节当天,中国的年轻人们会一起出去吃饭、唱歌或者参加聚会。朋友、情人之间互相赠送礼物。而且礼物多种多样,可以是鲜花,可以是蛋糕,巧克力、饼干,还可以是围巾、手套等等。对他们来说,圣诞节也是一个浪漫的节日,适合约会、逛街、看电影。

Young people will go out to eat, sing or go to the party on Christmas Day in China.  Friends and lovers will exchange gifts to each other. And there are a variety of gifts, such as flowers, cake, chocolate, biscuit, scarf and so on. Christmas for them is also a romantic festival when they could have a date, go shopping and watch movies.

Merry Christmas 用汉语说就是“圣诞快乐”。当你想要对身边的人表达节日问候时,就可以说“祝你圣诞快乐”。

Merry Christmas is called “圣诞快乐(shèngdàn kuàilè)”in Chinese. When you want to give Christmas greetings to people around you, you can say “Wish you Merry Christmas”.4

Learn words and sentences:

圣诞节 (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: shèng dàn jié

Definition: Christmas

 (Jīntiān shì shèngdànjié, zhènghǎo shì tāde shēngrì.)

   It is Christmas today and also his birthday.

快乐 (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: kuài lè

Definition: happy; glad

(Zhùfú suǒyǒu rén jiérì kuàilè!)

Wish everyone a happy holiday!

苹果    (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: píng guǒ

Definition: apple

(Háizi men bǎ zhāi xiàlái de píngguǒ fàng zài kuāng lǐ.)

Children put the picked fruit into the basket.

蛋糕     (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: dàn gāo

Definition: cake

 (Zhège qiǎokèlì mùsīdàngāo zhēn piàoliang!)

This chocolate mousse cake is very nice.

 Learn more Chinese words and sentences

 

 

 

 

Have you booked the ticket for home?

 

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春节即将来临。你买好回家的车票了吗?

The Spring Festival is just around the corner. Have you booked the ticket for home?

在外地上学还是工作的人们,此时的最重要的一件事情,就是买一张回家的车票。

What’s the most important thing for people who study or work away from home is to get a ticket to go home.

所以,身边的朋友和同事见面总是习惯的问一句:

 So, our friends and colleagues are always used to ask a question when we meet.

 你买到火车票了吗?(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio)

(Nǐ mǎi dào huǒchēpiào le ma?)

 Have you booked the train ticket? 

你订好飞机票了吗?(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio)

( Nǐ dìng hǎo fēijīpiào le ma?)

Have you booked the airline ticket?

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随着互联网的普及,我们可以在网上买票。但是仍有很多人在火车站排队买票。

As Internet gain ground, we can book tickets on the Internet. However, there are still many people line up at the train station to buy tickets.

在售票窗口你可以听到这样的对话:

You can hear the dialogue at the ticket counters:

男:你好,我要一张2月5号早上去南京的火车票。(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio

(Nǐ hǎo, wǒ yào yì zhāng èr yuè wǔ hào zǎoshang qù nánjīng de huǒchēpiào.)

Hello, I want a train ticket to Nanjing in February 5th.

女:好的,一共一百九十元。(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio

(Hǎo de, yígòng yìbǎijiǔshí yuán.)

 Well, it totals 190 yuan.

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Hey! Are You Ready for the HSK Exam?

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距离12月06日官方HSK 考试只有四天了,你做好准备了吗?

Hey! Are you ready for the HSK exam on December 6th?  It has only 4 days left….

我相信你在经过这一段的努力学习之后,现在已经迫不及待想要大显身手。 你的自信来自于你对汉语知识的掌握程度,词汇、听力、理解等等。“吃透”词汇并不仅仅是摆脱看到汉字却不会读、不明白其词义的尴尬,更重要的是能够辨析词与词之间的区别,尤其是近义词。

I bet you are very excited to show how well you have done in leaning Chinese.  To get a good level score, you have to be confident in your vocabulary, listening, understanding, etc. The point is not only to read or recognize those words, but also to compare them and use them, especially synonyms.

今天我们就为大家解惑 “了解、理解”,“会、能”,这样的近义词辨析。

So here, we are going to figure out some confusing words, such as  “了解and理解”, “会 and 能”。

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      了解 [liǎo jiě]  &  理解[lǐ jiě]

>>>>    了解 的意思是知道得很清楚,对象可以是一个人,或者是某个事物。

             了解 [liǎo jiě] means you know something or somebody really well.

For example:

  • 我和她昨天才认识,现在还不了解她。

    (Wǒ hé tā zuótiān cái rènshi, xiànzài hái bù liǎojiě tā.)

I just met her yesterday so I don’t know her much.

  • 你刚到中国,对中国文化还不太了解.

    (Nǐ gāng dào zhōngguó, duì zhōngguó wénhuà huán bù tài liǎojiě.)

You don’t know Chinese culture very well because you just came to China for few days.

  •  他不了解女儿的性格。

    (Tā bù liǎojiě nǚ’ér dì xìnggé.)

He doesn’t really know his daughter’s character.

 >>>>      理解 的意思是通过思考明白其中的道理,对象通常是某个问题、抽象的想法和观念。

                 理解 [lǐ jiě] means to understand the truth by thinking. The object is usually                          problem  or an abstract ideas and concepts.

For example:

  • 老师已经解释了半天,他还是不能理解这个问题。

    (Lǎoshī yǐjīng jiěshìle bàntiān, tā háishì bùnéng lǐjiě zhège wèntí.)

He still can’t understand the question after the teacher has explained many times.

 

  •  你为什么会有如此的想法?我完全不能理解。

    (Nǐ wèishéme huì yǒu rúcǐ de xiǎngfǎ? Wǒ wánquán bùnéng lǐjiě.)

I don’t get it. Why have you thought like this.

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      会 [huì]  &  能 [néng]

 >>>>      会  表示掌握了某种能力或者技能,而且是通过学习得到的。

                  会 [huì] means somebody obtain a certain skills or ability by leaning.

For example:

  • 我会做饭。

      (Wǒ huì zuò fàn.)

I can cook.

  • 你会开车吗?

     (Nǐ huì kāichē ma?)

Can you drive?

 >>>>       能 表示能力,而且是受到了外部条件的约束,也就是不可以。

                 能 [néng]  is kind of ability but the ability is influenced by the circumstances,                        such as  the weather, or personal conditions.

For example:

  • 我会开车,但是我喝了很多酒,今天不能开车。

    (Wǒ huì kāichē, dànshì wǒ hēle hěnduō jiǔ, jīntiān bùnéng kāichē.)

I’m able to drive, but I drunk a lot. So I’m not allowed to drive today.

  •  我会踢足球,但是我的腿受伤了,今天不能去踢球了。

    (Wǒ huì tī zúqiú, dànshì wǒde tuǐ shòushāngle, jīntiān bùnéng qù tī qiúle.)

Normally I play football, but today I can’t because my legs hurt today.

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That’s all for today. See you next time.

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