Widen the Usage of Chinese“有(yǒu)”

Widen the Usage of Chinese“(yǒu)”

 

there be

Basic Grammar of “

You know that “有” is a verb but are you confused about how it works? Today, we are here to talk about the usage of “有”.

The subject of a sentence with “有” is diverse. It not only can be a noun, but also can be places or locations. This kind of sentence with “有” is similar to the English sentence pattern of “ There is/are…”

 Basic structure of “

The words of places or time + 有+ noun / noun phrases

 

    Běijīng yǒu hěnduō zhùmíng de jǐngdiǎn.

      北京          很多      著名   的   景点。

(There are many famous tourist spots in Beijing.)

Here, we can see Beijing(北京) is a place + 有, means “there is something in Beijing. 景点(jǐngdiǎn), here is a subject of the verb “有”,and 著名 的(zhùmíng de) here is an attribute to modify景点(jǐngdiǎn.). These two construct a noun phrase after 有.

Míngtiān yǒu yì chǎng liúdéhuá de yǎnchàng huì.    

   明天                    刘德华      演唱会.

(There will be a Liu Dehua’s concert tomorrow.)

Here, 明天(Míngtiān) is a time word + 有, means there will be something tomorrow. 演唱会(yǎnchàng huì), which was modified by Liu Dehua(a famous star in China) is the subject of 有. The adjectives can be changed to your preference.

有

 

Wider usage of  “

If you are still in bewilderment with the usage of “有”. Don’t worry, we will sort it out together.

The sentence using the verb “” as its main verb usually express possessions. Its negative form is formed by adding the adverb “(méi)” before “”. Note: ““ can’t be used here. Its V-not-V form is “有没有(yǒu méiyǒu)”

 

  • to express “there+be” ——–(yǒu) and没有(méiyǒu)

  Jiàoshì li yǒu hěnduō xuéshēng.              Jiàoshì li méiyǒu xuéshēng.

      教室  里 有  很多   学生。                                     教室   里    没有    学生。  

(There are many students in a classroom.)              (There is no student in a classroom)

      Cāntīng qiánmiàn yǒu yí gè lánqiúchǎng.            Cāntīng qiánmiàn méiyǒu lánqiúchǎng.

          餐厅    前面    有  一个   篮球场。                                             餐厅  前面    没有    篮球场。

(There is a basketball ground in front of the canteen.)         (There is no basketball ground in front of                                                                                                                                                the canteen.)

  • to express possession ——有(yǒu) and没有(méiyǒu)

        Wǒ yǒu yí liàng zìxíngchē.                                          Wǒ méiyǒu zìxíngchē.

         我   有    一  辆     自行车。                                                我     没有    自行车。

(I have a bike.)                                                                         (I don’t have a bike.)

        Tā yǒu yì běn hànyǔ shū.                                              Tā méiyǒu hànyǔ shū.

        他  有   一   本     汉语  书。                                                    他   没有     汉语  书。

(He has a Chinese book.)                                                        (He doesn’t have a Chinese book. )

From the above sentences, you are able to notice the affirmative form of “有” : object ( can be pronoun, place and time) + measure word + subject(can be a noun are noun phrase). But the  negative form of “有construction”—“没有” doesn’t have any measure word after it.

 

  • to express change happening to something

  Zuìjìn, tā de hànyǔ yǒule míngxiǎn de jìnbù.

    最近, 他 的   汉语    有  了  明显    的    进步。

(Recently, his Chinese has improved a lot.)

   Xiàmén dàxué yǒule hěn dà de biànhuà.

      厦门     大学     有    了   很  大   的  变化。

(Great changes have happened to Xiamen University.)

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“有 usage” can be used everywhere in our daily life. Either places or times and changes. If you have been in china for almost one year, your parents will ask you :

—–Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu zhōng guó péngyǒu?

—- 你  有     没有     中国    朋友?

(Do you have any Chinese friends?)

—- yǒu.  /   méiyǒu

—- 有。 Or  没有。

— (yes I do./ no, I don’t.)

Well, if you want to go shopping with your friends, you’d better ask him or her:

—-Nǐ  jīn wǎn yǒu méiyǒu shíjiān?

—-你  今晚    有   没有   时间?

(Are you free tonight?)

—- yǒu.   /  méiyǒu

—- 有。 Or  没有。

— (yes I am./ No, I am not.)

If we link 有 and 没有 together, it can be the interrogative form of the “有construction”. The answer is as simple as “yes or no.”

Now you know that “有” is widely used in daily life. Do you want to equip yourself with more useful expressions or definite construction sentences to impress me? Come and learn!   

QQ截图20150410144855

 

Learn Buzzwords, Learn to Be Native in China!(1)

     Learn Buzzwords, Learn to Be Native in                                                 China!(1)interesting

Recently, more and more buzzwords are emerging online. After being used by a large number of  netizens, some of them became famous. They are not only used in daily life but even used in the political  speeches.

President Xi in a speech at the end of last year said:

“Wǒmende gè jí gànbù yěshì mán pīn de.”

  “我们的   各级  干部  也是  蛮  拼  的。”

(Our every officials work extremely hard.)

mán pīn de

蛮  拼 

means work extremely hardpretty strenuous. It can also translated as go for it(have a risk)。

President Xi also said:

“Wǒ yào wèi wǒmen wěidà de rénmín diǎn zàn“.

 “我    我们   伟大    人民    ”。

(I would like to give the thumbs-up to our great people.)

 

diǎn zàn

 

点赞

means give the thumbs-up in English, to indicate something is praiseworthy or commendable。Have you noticed ? Following the trends, WeChat updated a function called “like”, which is meant to let people give their thumbs up to the posted content. For example, you may get a message like this: Please click the “like” button for me. If I get 50 likes, I’ll get a free gift!

Then if you do it, you become his or her friend that merely clicking a button for each other.

Rènxìng

 

Capricious

r任性的苹果

You don’t listen to others opinion and you never think about others feeling. You can do whatever you want to do.  It seem that 任性 is a bad word for personality. But now, it became a neutral even good word. Let’s look at the example:

At the Two Sessions of 2015, Mr.Lv answering the journalist’s questions said: “I should say, the Party, the government, and the general public actually adopt the same attitude when it comes to anti-corruption. So we can be said to be CAPRICIOUS in fighting against corruption, and we are entitled to do so.”

Capricious is exactly “任性“ in Chinese, but obviously, capricious here should be a good word which means determined, willful, and wayward.

 

nǚ hàn zi

女 汉 子

tomboya tough girl, a man-like woman

女汉子1

Refers to the women or girls whose behaviors are similar to men. The women or girls who are called “女汉子” should be independent, bold, straightforward, which are known as men’s characteristics. “女汉子“ also means girls who are brave and can survive in the heavy pressure.

 

Bú zuō sǐ jiù bú huì sǐ

不 做 死 就 不 会 死

No zuo no die 

“No zuo no die” is a Chinglish phrase, in which “zuo” is the pinyin spelling of the Chinese word meaning do crazy things to attract attention, and the other parts are English, as the funny translation from one of the netizens. The whole phrase means if you don’t do stupid things, they won’t come back and bite you in the ass. (But if you do, they most certainly will.) And we are surprised that this phrase has been included in the Urban Dictionary, a popular online slang dictionary in the United States, and the news created a buzz among web users.
but the professional translation for this phrase is

You will not die if you do not seek death, or You will not be in trouble if you do not look for trouble

-capricious-cat

 

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Powerful “Suffix-r” in Chinese

 

         Powerful “Suffix-r” in Chinese

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Suffixation of 儿(r) to nouns and sometimes verbs or adjectives, causing changing pronunciations of the preceding vowels, is a typical situation of pronunciation in Putonghua, or standard Chinese and some dialects.

In Mandarin, “Suffix-r” has the distinction functions for meanings and properties of a certain words. When it occurs changings in the context between the “Suffix-r” and normal words, you have to be careful about the different meanings and properties of certain words. Otherwise it will cause ambiguity. Such as:

dǐng (顶) is a verb, which means carry something on the head or push from below or behind . But when it’s changed to be Dǐngr(顶儿), the property is changed to be a noun, and its meaning is also changed to be the thing that bear the weight.

 yì diǎn(一点) means one o’clock when it is a normal word. But it turns to be a measure word and means “little, few” when it is has suffix-r, yì diǎnr(一点儿).

 

     头    tóu    means people’s head

 →头儿  tóur   means the head of a gang or the person in charge

      眼     yǎn   means eyes

  →眼儿   yǎnr   means a small hole

  Another one kind of suffix-r after words are expressing the emotional coloring such as love, favor, joy and so on.

花儿 Huār (flower) indicates love to flowers.

小孩儿  Xiǎo hair (little kids) indicates love to kids.

好玩儿 Hǎowánr (funny) indicating prefer having fun.

老头儿  lǎotóur   (old man) indicates having a good relations with the old man.

小曲儿xiǎoqǔr (ditty)  indicates having fondness of the ditty.

When we are expressing small, less, or light things, we also use suffix-r. Such as:

米粒儿  Mǐ lìr  indicates few rice that we can count

门缝儿  Mén fèngr means a narrow crack between a door and its frame

雨点儿  yǔ diǎnr   indicates few raindrop

一会儿  yí huìr   indicate a short time,  a little while

小事儿  xiǎo shìr  means little things

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In the actual reading, end with suffix-r is pronounced with the preceding vowel. It is not a single part, which means is can’t be separated alone and read clearly.

Such as

哪 →哪儿 nǎr  [nǎ]─→[nǎr]  where  

那 →那儿 nàr  [nà]─→[nàr]  there

But in the broadcast language, especially in politics, science, academic programs, which require a higher degree of accuracy in language, we should minimize the using of suffix-r; and in written language or formal environment we also reduce the using of suffix-r.

Besides, you have to notice that there are a lot of words end with 儿 naturally. So don’t confound them with suffix-r.

Such as

女儿 nǚ ér is naturally ended with 儿 and means daughter.

婴儿 yīng ér is also ended with 儿 naturally. It means infant.

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The Top 12 Greeting Words for New Chinese Learners

   12 Greeting Words for New Chinese Learners 

greeting

Have you ever wanted to say hello in Chinese to make friends? Today, we are going to learn some
basic words and expressions from greetings, which are important and necessary for Chinese international new friends. By the end of this lesson, you will know 12 Chinese characters and be able to express some daily greeting in Chinese.

Content:(part one

A: Nǐ hǎo!(Hello!)

A: 你 好!

B: Nǐ hǎo!(Hello!)

B: 你 好!

Content: (part two)

A:Nǐ hǎo ma?

A:你  好   吗?

C:Wǒ hěn hǎo. Nǐ ne?

C: 我   很   好。你 呢?

A:Yě hěn hǎo.  Nǐ bàba, māma hǎo ma?

A: 也  很  好。 你  爸爸、妈妈   好  吗?

C:Tāmen dōu hěn hǎo.

C:  他们    都    很    好。freinds

New words:

  1. nǐ      Pronoun     你     you
  2. hǎo    Adj              好     good;well;fine;
  3. wǒ     Pronoun    我     I, me
  4. hěn   Adv            很    very
  5. ne    Mdpt           呢    a modal particle used for elliptical questions
  6. ma    Qpt             吗    interrogative particle for question expecting yes- no answer
  1. yě      Adv            也     too,also
  2. bàba     N            爸爸    father,dad
  3. māma   N            妈妈    mother, mum
  4. tāmen  Pronoun  他们    they,them
  5. tā           Pronoun   他    he, him
  6. dōu         Adv       都     both,all

你好

Notes:

  1. Nǐ hǎo. 你好。

“Hello!” “How do you do”

This is the most common form of greeting in china. It can be used at any time of day when meeting people either for the first time or for people you already know. The response to this greeting form is also “你好!(Nǐ hǎo). It can also be used at the beginning of letters.

2.Nǐ hǎo ma? 你好吗?

“how are you?”

This is also a form of greeting, which often used after you haven’t seen somebody for long time. The response is usually “我很好(Wǒ hěn hǎo)

 3、Nǐ ne? 你呢?

And (how are) you?

This is often used after you have responded people’s greetings and you ask other people’s situation back.

 4、 Yě hěn hǎo. 也很好。

(I’m) fine/very good, too.

This is an elliptical sentences, with the subject “我(wǒ) omitted. In spoken Chinese, when the context is explicit and there is no ambiguity, the subject is often omitted. Such as one can also respond “很好(hěn hǎo) to the question “你好吗?(Nǐ hǎo ma?)”

You can also download App to learn more Chinese daily expressions and Basic Chinese Words.

Basic Skills to Learn Chinese

学习

The “learning Chinese storm” is occurring around the whole world. Which way will you follow? Trust me, in the stream of Chinese leaners, you are not the only person who feels confused about how broad and profound Chinese can be. Talkinglearn will continue to upload useful tips for learning Chinese. Join us! Talkinglearn teaches you to be a master in Chinese.

Method 1   you need a substantial foundation

Step 1   Tones

音调

Familiarize with and practice the four tones of the Chinese language. Chinese is a harmonious language, which means that the different tones make different words and meanings, although their Pinyin spellings are the same. In order to Speak Chinese well, learning these different tones is undoubtedly the basic requirement. The four Chinese tones are as follows (using “ma” as an example):

1st tone     The pitch starts high and stays high →over the course of the syllable.

2ed tone má  The pitch starts low and rises ↗over the course of the syllable.

It is like the “surprise” intonation: when you ask a question or express surprise in English, you                   are using a contour of 2ed tone: What!? ↗.

3rd tone mǎ   In English, we often use low pitch to express impatience or give a bored response to question. The 3rd tone has three different contours:

Falling-raising contour: If a syllable with 3rd tone occurs at the end of a phrase, sentence, or                       clause, the tone is pronounced as a falling-raising tone.↘↗.

Raising contour: If a syllable with 3rd tone occurs before another syllable with 3rd tone, it is                       pronounced as if it were 2nd tone ( a raising one) ↗.

Low and level: If a syllable with 3rd tone occurs before any other syllable, it is pronounced as a                   level tone with low pitch.

 4th tone   The pitch starts high and falls↘over the course of the syllable.

The “angry” intonation: in English, we use this intonation to express anger, as in the forceful use              of the word: No! ↘

the neutral Tone:  

This tone is also known as the neutral tone. Has no symbol over the vowel (ma) and is                                  pronounced flatly without any intonation. Sometimes it’s just slightly softer than first tone.

Step 2  Pinyin Practice

拼音1png

Pinyin is essential and a fundamental part for all serious Chinese learners. If you are learning Chinese, no matter if you are a beginner or an advanced student, you should be aware of the paramount importance of Pinyin. If you are a beginner in Chinese, you must learn Pinyin first. If you are an advanced Chinese learner, you must master Pinyin.

Talkinglearn provides you with a completel Pinyin Chart with clear sounds.

Would you like to go and practice?

pingyin2

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/pinyinChart

Step 3 Basic Words

words

Mr. Xunzi (an educationist in ancient China) once said: “No journey of 1000 li (a Chinese unit of length) can be made without small steps, no river or sea can be formed without streams.” You shouldn’t ignore the basic words which are the substantial foundation of a great text. Accumulation will make you a master in Chinese! So, let’s go over some daily words.(just for example)

Numbers

líng  yī    èr   sān   sì    wǔ    liù   qī    bā   jiǔ    shí

零   一    二   三    四     五    六   七    八    九     十

0     1      2     3      4       5       6     7      8     9     10

Time

wǔ     rì        xīngqī       yuè       nián
午      日        星期         月           年

noon   day   weekday   month    year

Directions

Dōng     xī        nán       běi    Shàng   zhōng   xià         zuǒ      yòu
东          西         南          北         上        中          下         左        右

East    West   South   North     up     middle   down    left      right

Talkinglearn has many lessons to improve your vocabulary in various fields, ranging from different areas of life, Business, Traveling, Entertainment, and Early childhood. Many other categories and different degrees of difficulty are also available.

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/learn_chinese_word/detail

Step 4 Basic phrases

phrase

Equip yourself with polite greeting phrases, making you friendly!

  • Hello= nǐhǎo\ nǐnhǎo(shows more respect)  你好\您好
  • What’s your surname?= nín guì xìng   您贵姓
  • Yes, right= shì, méi cuò  是,没错
  • No= bú shì,   不是
  • Thank you= xiè xiè,   谢谢
  • You’re welcome= bú yòng xiè,   不用谢
  • Excuse me= duì bù qǐ,  对不起
  • Goodbye= zài jiàn,      再见

In addition, practice always makes perfect. You should take every chance you get to speak Chinese. The more you practice the more you improve and accumulate knowledge of Chinese. Talkinglearn helps you collect more useful Mandarin phrases for you to use in your daily conversations. Want to take a look?

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/learn_chinese_phrase/detail

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TalkingLearn is your best training partner for spoken language.

It not only provides you the opportunity to voice record but also marks your work with scores.

Now, are you ready to test your Chinese?

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/daily/learn_chinese_speaking

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