Happy New Year’s Day–元旦快乐

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元旦,即每年的一月一日。它代表着新的一年的开始。

New Year’s Day, which is on January 1, marks the beginning of a new year.

在12月31日晚上,家人通常会一起吃饭或者参加朋友聚会。然后他们会倒数时间来迎接新年的到来。当新年的午夜钟声响起,伴随着灿烂的烟火和欢快的音乐,新的一年开始了。在许多国家,元旦是法定节假日,人们休假一天。人们通常会去拜访亲戚朋友、看电影、外出旅游、购物等等。

Family usually get together for dinner or have a party with friends on the evening of Dec. 31. Then, they will count down the hours, minutes, and seconds to welcome the New Year. When the New Year’s midnight bell rings, with brilliant fireworks and cheerful music, the new year begins. New Year’s Day, it’s a public holiday in many countries, so people have a day off work. Usually, people will visit friends or relatives, watch movies, make a trip or go shopping and so on.

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元旦是新年的第一天,人们经常会为自己制定新年计划——在接下来的一年时间里他们想完成的目标和承诺。大部分新年计划都是与学习、生活、爱情、工作有关的。例如:

New Year’s Day is the first day of the coming year, so people often make New Year’s Resolutions for themselves. These resolutions are goals and promises they want to accomplish during the coming year. And most of New Year’s resolutions are connected with study, life, love and work.

For example:

(Wǒ xiǎng zìjǐ yí ge rén qù lǚyóu.)

I want to travel alone.

(Tāmen xiǎng yào yǒu ge hěn lóngzhòng de hūnlǐ.)

They want a very grand wedding.

(Tāmen zǎn qián xiǎng mǎi zhuàng xīn fángzi. )

They’re saving money for a new house.

(Tā gěi zìjǐ zhìdìng jiànshēn jìhuà.)

He made himself an exercise plan.

(Wǒ xiǎng mǎi ge shùmǎ shèxiàngjī.)

I want to buy a digital video camera.

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How do Chinese people celebrate Christmas?

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中国人过圣诞节吗?当然有。但是,圣诞节不是中国的法定节假日,所以只有一部分的人会庆祝圣诞节,特别是年轻人。所以,你肯定想知道他们是怎么过圣诞节的呢?

Do Chinese people celebrate Christmas? The answer is Yes. However, because Christmas is not a public holiday in mainland China, only a small portion of people celebrate it, especially young people. So, you might be wondering how Chinese people celebrate Christmas in China?

在中国,在圣诞节前夕朋友之间会互相赠送包装精美的苹果。这是中国圣诞节一项“特别”的传统。因为圣诞节前夕在中国叫做平安夜píng’ān yè (literally a peaceful and silent night)。那为什么要送苹果呢?苹果的苹和平安的平汉语读音相似。显然,互赠苹果的寓意就是平安幸福。

In china, friends will exchange apples which are wrapped up in beautiful colored paper on Christmas Eve. This is one Christmas tradition that’s distinctly Chinese. Because in Chinese Christmas Eve is called 平安夜 píng’ān yè (literally a peaceful and silent night). But why do they give apples? The Chinese word 苹 in 苹果(apple)has the same pronunciation as the Chinese word 平 in 平安(safeness). Obviously, that means peace and happiness.

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在圣诞节当天,中国的年轻人们会一起出去吃饭、唱歌或者参加聚会。朋友、情人之间互相赠送礼物。而且礼物多种多样,可以是鲜花,可以是蛋糕,巧克力、饼干,还可以是围巾、手套等等。对他们来说,圣诞节也是一个浪漫的节日,适合约会、逛街、看电影。

Young people will go out to eat, sing or go to the party on Christmas Day in China.  Friends and lovers will exchange gifts to each other. And there are a variety of gifts, such as flowers, cake, chocolate, biscuit, scarf and so on. Christmas for them is also a romantic festival when they could have a date, go shopping and watch movies.

Merry Christmas 用汉语说就是“圣诞快乐”。当你想要对身边的人表达节日问候时,就可以说“祝你圣诞快乐”。

Merry Christmas is called “圣诞快乐(shèngdàn kuàilè)”in Chinese. When you want to give Christmas greetings to people around you, you can say “Wish you Merry Christmas”.4

Learn words and sentences:

圣诞节 (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: shèng dàn jié

Definition: Christmas

 (Jīntiān shì shèngdànjié, zhènghǎo shì tāde shēngrì.)

   It is Christmas today and also his birthday.

快乐 (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: kuài lè

Definition: happy; glad

(Zhùfú suǒyǒu rén jiérì kuàilè!)

Wish everyone a happy holiday!

苹果    (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: píng guǒ

Definition: apple

(Háizi men bǎ zhāi xiàlái de píngguǒ fàng zài kuāng lǐ.)

Children put the picked fruit into the basket.

蛋糕     (Listen Word Audio)

Pinyin: dàn gāo

Definition: cake

 (Zhège qiǎokèlì mùsīdàngāo zhēn piàoliang!)

This chocolate mousse cake is very nice.

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Have you booked the ticket for home?

 

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春节即将来临。你买好回家的车票了吗?

The Spring Festival is just around the corner. Have you booked the ticket for home?

在外地上学还是工作的人们,此时的最重要的一件事情,就是买一张回家的车票。

What’s the most important thing for people who study or work away from home is to get a ticket to go home.

所以,身边的朋友和同事见面总是习惯的问一句:

 So, our friends and colleagues are always used to ask a question when we meet.

 你买到火车票了吗?(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio)

(Nǐ mǎi dào huǒchēpiào le ma?)

 Have you booked the train ticket? 

你订好飞机票了吗?(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio)

( Nǐ dìng hǎo fēijīpiào le ma?)

Have you booked the airline ticket?

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随着互联网的普及,我们可以在网上买票。但是仍有很多人在火车站排队买票。

As Internet gain ground, we can book tickets on the Internet. However, there are still many people line up at the train station to buy tickets.

在售票窗口你可以听到这样的对话:

You can hear the dialogue at the ticket counters:

男:你好,我要一张2月5号早上去南京的火车票。(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio

(Nǐ hǎo, wǒ yào yì zhāng èr yuè wǔ hào zǎoshang qù nánjīng de huǒchēpiào.)

Hello, I want a train ticket to Nanjing in February 5th.

女:好的,一共一百九十元。(Listen Mandarin Chinese Audio

(Hǎo de, yígòng yìbǎijiǔshí yuán.)

 Well, it totals 190 yuan.

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Video Tutor – HSK level 3 – word – “moon”

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Pinyin: Yuèliàng

Chinese: 月亮

English: moon

Example sentence:

Yuèliàng yuányuán de, xiàng pánzi.

月亮圆圆的,像盘子。

The moon is so round like a plate.

 

Jīnwǎn de yuèliàng zhēn yuán a!

今晚的月亮真圆啊!

It is a full moon tonight.

More Details about word “ moon”:

http://www.talkinglearn.com/en/Chinese_English_Dictionary?word=moon

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Who shares the equal reputation with Confucius?

 

              Who shares the equal reputation with Confucius?

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The doctrine of Confucius and Mencius is one of famous Chinese traditional cultures spreading all over the world now. Confucius and Mencius were both two masters on Confucianism.

Mencius (former 372 – former 289), whose hometown was in the State of Zou, (Now forming the territory of Zoucheng, Shandong province), also known by his original name Ke. He is a great thinker and educator in ancient China’s Warring States period, and one of the famous representative on Confucianism.

Mencius father was dead when he was three. Then Mencius and his mother were together alone in difficulties. After Mencius grew up to be a teenager, he was attracted by Confucianism. So he decided to leave his mother and went to Lu state, which was Confucius hometown to learn more about Confucianism. He took the student of Zisi who was one of the grandson of Confucius as him teacher to learn Confucianism. After a long time study, Mencius regarded the Confucius as the greatest man of the human being. Then he devoted his whole life to develop the Confucianism.

Mencius carried on the Confucianism and developed it a lot. But compared to Confucius, his doctrines are more extreme.

孟母三迁“Mencius’s mother, three moves

孟母三迁

     Mencius was very naughty in his childhood, and he was good at imitating. First time, his mom and he lived in near a cemetery.

      Mencius often imitated the rites which he saw in funeral processions or burial services for amusement. Therefore the mother decided to move to the next house where was near a market in the town. But his mom found him beginning to imitate the shouting of merchants. Thinking of this environment was not good for son’s study, Mencius’s mother decided to move again. Then, they moved house cloth to school. Affected by the scholars and students, Mencius began to study. At last, his mother decided to remain. This is the story of孟母三迁 (mèng mǔ sān qiān), One of the most famous traditional Chinese idiom, which literal meaning is “Mencius’s mother, three moves”).

儒character

 

Famous saying from Mencius

Lǎo wú lǎo, yǐ   jí rén zhī lǎo;  yòu wú yòu,   yǐ   jí  rén zhī yòu.

    老,以及    老;       幼,以 及      幼。

Respect your own elders and extend such respect to those of others; cherish your own young and extend such cherish to those of others.

Dé dào zhě duō zhù, shī dào zhě guǎ zhù.

         助,               助。

A just cause enjoys abundant support while an unjust cause finds little help.

Tiān shí bùrú dìlì,   dìlì  bùrú rén hé.

天  时  不如 地利,地利 不如  人和。

The favorable opportunity does not help as much as the favorable terrain; the favorable terrain does not help as much as the group morale.

Shēng yú yōuhuàn  ér  sǐ  yú   ānlè.

   生    于    忧患    而  死  于  安乐。

(A state) survives adversity and perishes amid leisure.

Fùguì bùnéng yín, pínjiàn bùnéng  yí, wēiwǔ bùnéng qū,  cǐ zhī wèi dàzhàngfū.

 富 贵  不能    淫,  贫贱   不能      移,威武  不能     屈,此 之  谓   大丈夫。

No riches or honors may induce him to corrupt; no poverty or lowliness may cause him to waver; no might or force may compel him to submit. Such would be what we call a great man.

Mín  wéi guì, shèjì   cì   zhī,   jūn wéi qīng.

 民   为   贵, 社稷 次 之, 君    为    轻。

To a state, the people are the most important thing. The state comes second. The ruler is the least important.”

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