Hey! Are You Ready for the HSK Exam?

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距离12月06日官方HSK 考试只有四天了,你做好准备了吗?

Hey! Are you ready for the HSK exam on December 6th?  It has only 4 days left….

我相信你在经过这一段的努力学习之后,现在已经迫不及待想要大显身手。 你的自信来自于你对汉语知识的掌握程度,词汇、听力、理解等等。“吃透”词汇并不仅仅是摆脱看到汉字却不会读、不明白其词义的尴尬,更重要的是能够辨析词与词之间的区别,尤其是近义词。

I bet you are very excited to show how well you have done in leaning Chinese.  To get a good level score, you have to be confident in your vocabulary, listening, understanding, etc. The point is not only to read or recognize those words, but also to compare them and use them, especially synonyms.

今天我们就为大家解惑 “了解、理解”,“会、能”,这样的近义词辨析。

So here, we are going to figure out some confusing words, such as  “了解and理解”, “会 and 能”。

Puzzled Confused Lost Signpost Showing Puzzling Problem

      了解 [liǎo jiě]  &  理解[lǐ jiě]

>>>>    了解 的意思是知道得很清楚,对象可以是一个人,或者是某个事物。

             了解 [liǎo jiě] means you know something or somebody really well.

For example:

  • 我和她昨天才认识,现在还不了解她。

    (Wǒ hé tā zuótiān cái rènshi, xiànzài hái bù liǎojiě tā.)

I just met her yesterday so I don’t know her much.

  • 你刚到中国,对中国文化还不太了解.

    (Nǐ gāng dào zhōngguó, duì zhōngguó wénhuà huán bù tài liǎojiě.)

You don’t know Chinese culture very well because you just came to China for few days.

  •  他不了解女儿的性格。

    (Tā bù liǎojiě nǚ’ér dì xìnggé.)

He doesn’t really know his daughter’s character.

 >>>>      理解 的意思是通过思考明白其中的道理,对象通常是某个问题、抽象的想法和观念。

                 理解 [lǐ jiě] means to understand the truth by thinking. The object is usually                          problem  or an abstract ideas and concepts.

For example:

  • 老师已经解释了半天,他还是不能理解这个问题。

    (Lǎoshī yǐjīng jiěshìle bàntiān, tā háishì bùnéng lǐjiě zhège wèntí.)

He still can’t understand the question after the teacher has explained many times.

 

  •  你为什么会有如此的想法?我完全不能理解。

    (Nǐ wèishéme huì yǒu rúcǐ de xiǎngfǎ? Wǒ wánquán bùnéng lǐjiě.)

I don’t get it. Why have you thought like this.

cognitive-ability_0

 

      会 [huì]  &  能 [néng]

 >>>>      会  表示掌握了某种能力或者技能,而且是通过学习得到的。

                  会 [huì] means somebody obtain a certain skills or ability by leaning.

For example:

  • 我会做饭。

      (Wǒ huì zuò fàn.)

I can cook.

  • 你会开车吗?

     (Nǐ huì kāichē ma?)

Can you drive?

 >>>>       能 表示能力,而且是受到了外部条件的约束,也就是不可以。

                 能 [néng]  is kind of ability but the ability is influenced by the circumstances,                        such as  the weather, or personal conditions.

For example:

  • 我会开车,但是我喝了很多酒,今天不能开车。

    (Wǒ huì kāichē, dànshì wǒ hēle hěnduō jiǔ, jīntiān bùnéng kāichē.)

I’m able to drive, but I drunk a lot. So I’m not allowed to drive today.

  •  我会踢足球,但是我的腿受伤了,今天不能去踢球了。

    (Wǒ huì tī zúqiú, dànshì wǒde tuǐ shòushāngle, jīntiān bùnéng qù tī qiúle.)

Normally I play football, but today I can’t because my legs hurt today.

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That’s all for today. See you next time.

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